Scientists and clinicians have developed and used immune-based therapies, or more simply immunotherapies, to attack cancer in multiple ways.
The human brain can process a picture in just 13 milliseconds. The cellular functions underlying this incredible processing speed involve not just neurons, but also a supporting cast of other types of brain cells.
The immune system surveys the body by sampling proteins, called antigens, from both the human host and any invaders. So how does the immune system keep from attacking the host?
While our immune system functions to protect us from such things as invading microbes, these same defenses can also erroneously turn against the body.
Reproducibility in biological research — or more specifically the lack of it — is an ongoing issue.